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10th Retail/Wholesale Cycle PDF Print

10th Retail/Wholesale Cycle

While N. Kondratjeff analyzed the macro-economic innovation cycles, A. Schumpeter is the pioneer for the micro-economic cycles. In the last years B. Hallier published his sector analysis: retail/wholesale as innovation drivers in 25 years-rhythm since 1800.

Innovation Cycles  

The last development are QR-Codes and smartphones as enablers for m-shopping and placing social networks (consumers) as a third column next to supply and demand.

 
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© 2019 Prof. Dr. Bernd Hallier